Archive for ‘Case’

May 22, 2012

The Hulls

I suppose by now everyone is getting quite tired of the Cases.  In fact, I am tired of chasing my tail looking for information on them, too. But, you guessed it, I found a bit more information on a collateral family.

Recall that Catharine Unknown Case married W. Callaway McGreggor, soon after Joshua Case‘s death[1],[2]. This marriage lasted less than ten years as a marriage is recorded for Callaway W. McGreggor to Sarah Clore, her name actually Close, in Randolph County, on 08 Jun 1843[3]. A record of divorce for Catharine and Callaway has yet to be located. The last land transaction I have located for Catharine and Callaway was in 1841, so the divorce happened sometime between then and 1843. Determining that Sarah’s name was Close not Clore and that she was the widow of Henry Close,  was determined by examining the probate records. On 16 June 1843, John W. Close appeared before the probate court regarding his receipt “from Sarah Close (now Sarah McGreggor) his guardian, the sum of $263.60 in full for his share of his fathers [sic] personal estate, & of William T. Evan‘s estate”[4].  Could this mean that Sarah ‘Unknown’ Close McGreggor was an Evans?  If not, what might her family name be?

Searching for the Will of William T. Evans is a bit tricky as it is noncupative, that is oral. There may be a recording in the will book which answers more of these questions, good thing this film is extended as it looks like I am going back for another look!

Henry Close died intestate and Sarah was appointed administratrix of his estate. More clues to her identity lie in the probate records and in the censuses of 1840 and 1870. On 12 June 1843, Norton H. Close, who was at that time a minor over fourteen years of age, chose John W. Close for his guardian. Previous to this, Sarah had been his guardian as in the same order “the letters of  guardianship heretofore granted to Sarah Close as guardian of Norton H. Close” were revoked[5].” Thus, Henry Close had a son named Norton, presumably, this son was also Sarah’s son.

Could Norton have been named for a close relative? In the 1840 census, a Norton Hull, Joseph H. Orr and Henry Close are enumerated, together on the same page of this census[6].  Norton Hull came to Randolph County, Illinois from Kentucky. He arrived with his brothers, Samuel, Lewis and Thomas,  in “the O’Hara Settlement in 1818”.[7] The Orr’s, Joseph and Thomas, arrived in the same year[8].  In the 1870 census,  Sarah McGregor,69, is enumerated with Sarah Close, 18, and Callaway Close, 21. The Family enumerated above them is that of Henry and Ann Orr. According to “Pike County, Illinois Genealogy Trails”, Ann Orr is the daughter of Reverend Thomas and Mary Smith Hull[9]; Thomas was the son of Samuel Hull and Barthena Norton, which makes him a brother to Norton Hull[10]. Sarah and Callaway McGregor moved to Pike County sometime before 1850, as they are enumerated there in the 1850 Federal Census, wherein Callaway’s occupation is listed as “Doctor”[11].

Finally, back to the Archives of Illinois which has a death certificate listing for Sarah McGregory[12] in Kinderhook, Pike County, Illinois, 6 Mar 1878. She is listed as 77 years old at the time of her death, placing her birth year somewhere near 1801, which is consistent with the 1870 Census. If she were a Hull, then she is of an age to have been a sister.

Why should anyone interested in the Case Family of Randolph, County Illinois care about Sarah Unknown, possibly Hull, Close McGreggor? I mean other than the WTF happened here with the divorces and the relos and aside from the fact that, if she is a Hull, then she has been overlooked in previous listings and publications of the children of Samuel and Barthena Norton Hull. Putting all that aside, remember the guardian of Olive, Independence and Jackson Case? True, it is possible that the guardian, Joseph H. Orr, was a “guardian for hire” that is, he was a trusted, prominent citizen who had sufficient wherewithal to have been appointed guardian and he was appointed only for those reasons. I had begun to believe that this was exactly what had happened. However, seeing this mix of Orr, Hull, McGreggor and Close families makes me wonder if there is more to these connections then I had begun to believe.

Looks like this is going to take a whole lot more work.

[1] “Illinois Statewide Marriage Index, 1763-1900”, n.d.  “MCGREGGOR, W CALAWAY CASE, CATHARINE 1834-01-09 v. 1 p. 158 MONROE”,

[2] Monroe County, IL, County Clerk, Manuscript/Manuscript on Film, Salt Lake City, Utah : Film number 1006355, Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 197. Marriage records, 1816-1915.

[3]  “Illinois Statewide Marriage Index, 1763-1900”, n.d.

[4] Randolph County, Illinois. Probate Records 1809-1849. Film number 974986, 1832-1843, Preservation Filming, Salt Lake City, Utah, Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975.

[5] Randolph County, Illinois. Probate Records 1809-1849. Film number 974986, 1832-1843, Preservation Filming, Salt Lake City, Utah, Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975.

[6] 1830 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2010.  Images reproduced by FamilySearch. 1830 US Census;  Randolph, Illinois, 138; NARA Series:  M19; Roll Number:  22; Family History Film:  0007647.

[7] E. J. Montague, “A Directory, Business Mirror, and Historical Sketches of Randolph County,” Google Books, (accessed May 21, 2012).


[9] “Pike County, Illinois Genealogy Trails”, n.d.

[10] “Pike County, Illinois Genealogy Trails”, n.d.

[11] Year: 1850; Census Place:  Township 4 S 6 W Pike Illinois; Roll:  M432_124; Page:  180B; Image:  490. 1850 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2009. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.

Original data: Seventh Census of the United States, 1850; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M432, 1009 rolls); Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29; National Archives, Washington, D.C.

[12] “Illinois Statewide Death Index.” ILLINOIS STATE ARCHIVES. (accessed May 21, 2012).

May 10, 2012

Why we don’t publish

Harold Henderson in his blog post Midwestern Microhistory: A Genealogy Blog asks this question, “Why don’t We Write”. Frankly, I write. And write and write! What I don’t do is publish. In fact, I have fears of publishing anywhere but here. I know that I need to publish. I am well aware that, well, with no pretensions of Louis-esque grandeur, après moi, le déluge. Okay, maybe not chaos, but I have no delusions that my children will care one whit about the research into our family. Pretty sure that, after I am gone, the research will be gone, too. I need to publish so that what I know is not lost. In addition to publishing, I need to share. Publishing solely in a paper based fashion without the ability to share research with the wider world, either via film or other shareable means, renders the research as inaccessible as if it were still in my basement, stacked in boxes, just waiting to become so much papier-mâché. Sharing only on my blog will eventually be just as temporary as an obscure family history tucked away in an unreachable library. For my research to survive a generation, I must publish and share.

Yet, I fear publishing because my research isn’t done. I know, I know, nobody’s research ever is. I get it, genealogy is a fool’s errand, once you find one person, you are on the search for at least two more. But, when the search is begun with the question “Who are those two people?” and, after a year of searching with no answer to that question, and piles of information which is leading you no further than you began, you start to have a feeling that there is nothing “worthy” of being published. Prior to this search, I have put together a proof which was built on “preponderance of the evidence”. In those cases, there was a bit more evidence to er, preponder. In my current genealogical idée fixe, the Joshua Case family of Randolph County, Illinois, things are a bit more stubborn. The Cases are an ordinary Midwestern family of six people, Joshua, his wife Catharine, their children Charlotte, Olive, Independence and Andrew Jackson. They don’t seem to have been high on the “Case Family Radar” for anyone other than their descendants. Even for us, some of what we thought we knew turned out to be inaccurate. For example, until finding his will, his name was thought to be Jonathan, based on the 1830 census wherein he is enumerated as such[1]. After finding his will, we now know his name is Joshua[2]. Other than in the census, he is not called Jonathan in any official record found to date. Question one answered, who are the parents of Independence Case Lindsey Lemarr. Joshua Case. Leading to two  more questions. Question two: “Who could Joshua’s family be?” Question three: “What is Catharine’s maiden name?”

DNA evidence of a descendant of Andrew Jackson places him in the Case family of Connecticut and New York[3]. But to which Case family does he belong? There is no one else in Randolph County, IL of the same surname. He is not likely a brother to the Coe Wisner, sometimes spelled Weasner, Case of the neighboring St. Clair county and his brother, Jonathan Wood Case in Wabash County, IL. Coe Weasner Case and Jonathan and other sons are named in the will of their father, Daniel of Minisink, Orange, New York[4]. There is no Joshua among them. According to the Popenoe, Popnoe, Poppino & Allied Families[5], and Dlouhy Family Ties websites the children named in the will are Jonathan, Coe Wisner, Daniel, David, John Elizabeth, and Julianna. Another daughter, Maria, was born after Daniel’s death[6]. Comparing the number of males in Daniel’s family in census records, 5 in 1800 and 5 in 1810, to the  number of sons as named in the will, suggests that Joshua was not a previously settled upon and therefore unnamed son. However, I want to examine the will or a transcription of it before ruling them out, completely. Especially since Independence places Joshua’s birthplace in New York and Catharine’s in Indiana in both the 1880 census[7] and 1900 census[8]. If this is accurate, he might be a cousin or some other relation to Coe Weasner and Jonathan Case brothers of Illinois as they were born in Orange, New York. However, Olive states nothing for his birthplace in the 1880[9] census and Ohio in the 1900[10] census. Jackson states both of his parents were born in Iowa[11] in 1880 and in Massachusetts in 1900[12]. I could try searching New York, having searched the deeds and wills of relevant and possibly connected families of Randolph County, Illinois. How many Case families could there be in 1830, right? Turns out, a bunch. In 1830, there are 354 families named Case found in’s index. I could start in Orange County, where the pool narrows substantially, to fifteen, or even narrow it to Minisink, where the pool drops sharply to four, three if Daniel is not considered. Even so, if this Joshua is not named in a will, then I am back to square one. Frankly, a Joshua named in a will would tell me next to nothing if there were no supporting details to tell me that that Joshua was my Joshua.

Joshua witnessed a deed in 1829 in Randolph County,[13] between Charles S. Guthrie, James S. Guthrie, Samuel S. Guthrie, Joseph S. Guthrie, and Cathrine S. Guthrie, and John S. and Polly S. Guthrie[14]. He witnessed this deed with James Hathorne, sometimes spelled Hawthorne. I am currently digging through the films for more records involving this James. From the Probate records, all of the Guthrie’s were heirs of George and Nancy Guthrie.[15] James Hathorne was likely the son of a Samuel Hathorne, whose minor children were Elizabeth, AKA Betsey, Hathorne, James  M. Hathorne, John Hathorne, David  Hathorne, and Saira, I’m guessing that’s Sarah, Hathorne. James Hathorne and Samuel Hathorne were appointed guardians of the minor children of Samuel Hathorne[16].

In 1830, Joshua bought his land from the heirs of William Peach[17]. These heirs are named in the deed: William Peach and Priscilla, his wife, Levi Simmons and Lois, his wife, William Simmons and Mary his wife, and Charles Darrow and Sally, his wife. Lois, Sally and Mary are the daughters of William, that is they are, Lois Peach Simmons[18], Sally Peach Darrow and Mary Peach Simmons. Additionally, Priscilla Peach was a Simmons[19]. Clearly, there is a heavy association between the Peaches and the Simmons. I searched the deeds and wills and probate records on film for Randolph County, Illinois to learn more about the Peach family and the Simmons families. William Peach died intestate sometime before 30 Nov 1824. Sarah Peach, presumably his wife and not his daughter, and William Peach received letters of administration for his estate[20]. A little online research revealed that my assumption that she was his wife was correct as Sarah Pearce  and William Peach married 22 January 1800 in Marblehead, Massachusetts[21]. Other heirs unnamed in the deed who were minors at the time of the death of William Peach, were Samuel Peach, John Peach and Eliza Ann Peach[22]. The Peach family of Randolph County, IL has origins with the Puritans of Marblehead, Massachusetts[23]. The Case family was Puritan when they arrived on the shores of America, they settled in Connecticut and Long Island[24].

In 1833, Joshua’s will was witnessed by Luther Simmons and John C. Crozier[25]. Luther Simmons married Nancy Crozier, sister of John C. Crozier[26]. John C. Crozier married Mary “Polly” Lindsay.[27] This may be significant, as Independence Case married a Beverly Lindsey, 16 Apr 1840[28]. Joseph H. Orr was appointed guardian of Olive, Independence and Andrew Jackson; Charlotte chose John C. Crozier as she was over fourteen[29].

So there it is. The entire incomplete little tome. It seems that I can find the marriage records and families of everyone’s marriage record except Joshua and Catharine. Where to go from here? Here is a list of what my choices appear to be. First search all the films for Randolph County, Illinois, read every deed between 1820 and 1844. Then search the available films of Indiana marriages on the off chance they married there, or maybe they married in Arkansas, so search those, too, or maybe the JP lost the crumpled piece of paper with their marriage record on it, in which case you have wasted a lot of money, time and vision. Then search all the wills in New York on the chance that there is a Joshua named therein who can’t be tied to a family or who is obviously “mine”.

Gee, I wish I could get my hands on a film of the St. Clair gazette from 1833-1834.

[1] 1830 US Census; Census Place: Randolph, Illinois; Page:  156; NARA Series:  M19; Roll Number:  22; Family History Film:  0007647

[2] Randolph County, IL, Probate records, 1809-1849, Film number 974986, Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975

[3] Case Family (including Cass/Casse) – Y-DNA Colorized Chart,

[4] Dean, Troy. The David Dean Project: Index to Troy Dean’s Family References, “William Denn A weaver who witnessed will of Daniel Case of Goshen in 1760 Early Orange County Wills, two volumes in One, 1731-1830,” Orange County Genealogical Society, Goshen, NY; LDS Fiche 6117875, p.9″

[5] Daniel Case millwright of Minisink, Liber A, p 214, abstract in Early Orange Co Wills, part 2 , p18 as cited in Popenoe, Popnoe, Poppino & Allied Families,, “Deborah Wood, 7 Oct 1777, living in Minisink 1832, m Daniel Case, ca 1771 – 19 Mar 1809.  His will cited children: Jonathan Case, Coe Wisner Case, m Mary Wood, Daniel Case, David Case, John Case, Elizabeth Case,Julianna Case”

[6] Dlouhy, David P. Dlouhy Family Ties,  Daniel Case’s will is listed in Wills from Orange Co., NY: Daniel Case — Minisink, (Millwright). Liber D pg. 203; will 8 “Mar 1809; proved 28 Mar. 1809; wife-Deborah Case; dau-Elisabeth, Julianna (minors); Sons -Jonathan, Coe, Daniel, David, John (minor); Exec-Deborah Case, Wilmott Moore, James Little; Wit-Charles Wood, John Cavanaugh, Samuel 9 9. NOTE: Wilmot Moore is the son of David Moore, Jr. & Mary Mapes. There was a daughter Maria, born after Daniel’s death, who married Charles Hunter. (Data from Margaret Wien)”

[7] Year: 1880; Census Place:  Jefferson Newton Arkansas; Roll:  52; Family History Film:  1254052; Page:  635A; Enumeration District:  117; Image:  0575.

[8] Year: 1900; Census Place:  Murray Newton Arkansas; Roll:  70; Page:  15B; Enumeration District:  90; FHL microfilm:  1240070.

[9] Year: 1880; Census Place:  Clay Clark Missouri; Roll:  681; Family History Film:  1254681; Page:  114A; Enumeration District:  035; Image:  0232.

[10] Year: 1900; Census Place:  Clay Clark Missouri; Roll:  848; Page:  2A; Enumeration District:  18; FHL microfilm:  1240848.

[11] Year: 1880; Census Place:  Jefferson Newton Arkansas; Roll:  52; Family History Film:  1254052; Page:  637A; Enumeration District:  117; Image:  0579.

[12] Year: 1900; Census Place:  Boston Newton Arkansas; Roll:  70; Page:  3A; Enumeration District:  92; FHL microfilm:  1240070.

[13] Randolph County, IL, Deeds v. O 1822-1834, Film number 956818, Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975

[14] Her name is rendered as Catharine in the Probate record.

[15] Randolph County, IL, Probate records, 1809-1849, Film number 974986, Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975

[16] Randolph County, IL, Probate records, 1809-1849, Film number 974986, Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975

[17] Illinois Statewide Marriage Index, 1763-1900

[18] Marriage records, Randolph County, Illinois, 1809 to 1870, Married: 29 Nov 1824 in ,Randolph, Illinois, USA, as accessed on Bourdon, Claudia: Claudia’s Families.

[20] Randolph County, IL, Probate records, 1809-1849, Film number 974986, Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975

[21] Massachusetts, Town Vital Collections, 1620-1988 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: Town and City Clerks of Massachusetts. Massachusetts Vital and Town Records. Provo, UT: Holbrook Research Institute (Jay and Delene Holbrook).

[22] Randolph County, IL, Probate records, 1809-1849, Film number 974986, Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975

[23] Gordon, Carin, The First Family Chronicles The Peaches. Marblehead Magazine, accessed 2011

[24] McCracken, George H. The Case Family of Connecticut and Long Island, 1958. The American Genealogist, 34

[25] Randolph County, IL, Probate records, 1809-1849, Film number 974986, Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975

[26] Illinois Statewide Marriage Index, 1763-1900

[27] Illinois Statewide Marriage Index, 1763-1900

[28] Marriage records, Randolph County, Illinois, 1809 to 1870, film

[29] Randolph County, IL, Probate records, 1809-1849, Film number 974986, Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1975

June 14, 2011

Hope for Olive’s family

Waterloo, Clark County, Missouri.
This is to certify that I did on the 19th of March 1875 solemnize the
marriage contract between Levi Davis & Amelia Evans.
James Sollock (sp?) Justice of the Peace
Filed for Record 23 day of March 1875 Thos G Palmer (or Thomas Walmer) recorder.
Missouri Marriage Records. Jefferson City, MO, USA: Missouri State Archives. Microfilm. p 61.

In the search index on, Levi’s name is transcribed as Carris. On closer inspection it is actually Davis. The ‘D’ has a large swoop on it making it appear to be a ‘C’ until compared with other upper case C’s on the page. This was an “aha!” moment for me, after reexamining this record, I realized that I would not likely find an Amelia Carris anywhere and that Amelia may have survived and had children, giving hope that Olive’s line may not have died out.

  • Statement of the Problem
  • The goal is to connect this Amelia to Olive Case Evans and determine her children, if any, and her date of death. So, there are many questions to be answered. First, is this Amelia Evans the daughter of Olive Case and Washington Evans? Second, can I find her in censuses in 1880 and beyond? A third question arose when I changed Levi’s name in my family tree maker database, from Carris to Davis. This brought up other databases with a marriage of Levi Davis to Amelia and also to a Martha K. [Unknown]. Could the Levi Davis who married Amelia Evans in 1875 be the same Levi Davis who married Martha K. [Unknown]? Did Amelia Evans Davis have children who survived to adulthood and, in turn, have children of their own?

  • Is Amelia Evans Davis the daughter of Olive Case and Washington Evans?
  • To be answer this I began with the census. First, to establish the age of “our” Amelia Evans, I looked to the 1860 and 1870 censuses for Olive Case Evans. There we find Amelia listed in the household with an age of 4 in 1860 and 14 in 1870, and born in Missouri. Searching, there is no other Amelia in any families in either of these censuses in Clark County. Next, I looked at the 1880 census to determine if Amelia Davis’s age and other characteristics are a match to Amelia Evans. Levi and Amelia are enumerated on page 208 D in Lincoln Township, Clark County, Missouri, Supervisor’s District 5, Enumeration District 41. Amelia Davis is listed as 24 years old and born in Missouri, both of which fit “our” Amelia. Her parents birthplaces are listed as Illinois, for her father, and Iowa for her mother, neither of which fit Washington or Olive, but, especially as we don’t know who was the informant, it is not a complete “deal breaker”.

  • Did Amelia Evans Davis have children and what are their names?
  • Levi Davis and Amelia Evans are enumerated in 1880 with their two children, Thornton, 4, born in Missouri and Jonathan, 2, also born in Missouri. As the 1890 census is destroyed, no census information can be found for Levi and Amelia or other children. After 1890, a Levi married to Amelia is not found in searches on This brings up a new set of questions. Did Levi or Amelia die or both before 1900? Did they move from Missouri? Did a death or divorce occur before 1900 leading Levi to remarry to Martha K. [Unknown]? Is their name mangled beyond soundex recognition?

  • What is Amelia’s death date?
  • So far, it has not been very easy to answer the question “was Amelia living after 1880” by using only the census and indexed searches for Amelia Davis. One clue may be found in the census of 1900 for Olive Case Evans. On page 178A, Clay Township, Clark County, Missouri, Olive Evens [sic] is enumerated, with Perry, Shelton J., and Independence in the household. Olive is listed as being born Oct. 1820, and as having nine total children, with six living. I have eight of her children named in my database: Catharine (1842-before 1870), Mary Ann (1846- before 1860), Independence(1849-1900+), Roxanne(1850-1934), George(1853-1920+), Amelia(1856-1880+), Joshua Shelton(1860-1945), and Perry(1864-1910+). Did Olive have nine or did she have eight? The total may be important to determine if Amelia is still living in 1900. That is, if Olive’s statement wasn’t due to faulty math, i.e., “lets see, I think I had nine and three died”, when she actually had eight with three dying, leaving a total of five, then, as I can account for everyone else in either 1900 or after that date, Amelia is likely living. How can we be certain that Olive had nine or eight? I believe that the possibility is high that she had nine, as there is a four year gap between Catherine and Mary Ann, which is larger than the gap between remaining children. The statements from the 1900 census also serves to establish Catherine and Mary Ann as Olive’s and Washington’s children, not the children of Washington from a previous marriage. Now that is a convoluted way to get at a conclusion. I believe that Catherine Evans Sortore, born in 1842, and Mary Ann, born 1846, were deceased in 1900. For Catherine, I find a marriage of a Catherine Evans to Jackson Sortore in the records of Clark County, Missouri, in 07 Oct 1858. In the 1870 Census, I find a Jackson Sortore and wife Margaret in Sullivan County, Missouri. This, coupled with Olive’s statements on the 1900 census, leads me to believe that Catharine died prior to 1870. I cannot find information for Mary Ann after the 1850 census. Although it is possible that she married at 14, it is not too likely. In 1900, I can account for Independence, Roxane, George, and Joshua Shelton and Perry among the living, for a total of five. More research is needed to attempt to determine which of these possibilities exist, that Catherine divorced Jackson Sortore and she rather than Amelia is alive in 1900, that Amelia is alive and not found by the census, or Olive misspoke and she had five children living.

  • Is the Levi Davis enumerated with Martha K. the same as married Amelia Evans?
  • Lastly, could the Levi Davis who married Amelia Evans be the same Levi Davis who married Martha K. [Unknown]? In the census of 1900, page 116 A, Supervisor’s District 155, Enumeration District 17, Anaconda Township, Dew Lodge, Montana, there is a Levi Davis is married to Martha K. [surname unknown]. This couple has been married for 35 years. Doing the math places their marriage year as 1865, prior to Amelia Evans’ marriage to Levi Davis. Therefore, this is not the same Levi Davis, but is a case of same name syndrome.

  • Conclusions
  • Amelia Evans married Levi Davis and had two children, at least. She cannot be located using census searches after 1880. More investigation into her is needed to determine her fate.

    April 27, 2011

    Wake up Call

    Start right now. Call them, visit them, write them a letter. You know, those people in your family who are getting older. Hey, none of us are getting any younger, and this life thing, it’s progressive. So stop what you are doing and make that call to arrange that visit, or sit down and write that letter, use your best penmanship, don’t type it. And ask them, “tell me about your life when you were younger”, “how did you meet your spouse”, “tell me about your sisters/brothers”.

    When I first started genealogy, when I was very young, about 4, I was given the standard advice: Start with yourself and document, document, document. Interview your older relatives and ask them about your family.
    Yes, you must document. The reason is that your records are most likely to exist. This is dull as dishwater to do, but you must get the records before that courthouse burns or springs a leak in the records room, or w-h-a-t-e-v-e-r document destruction forces hit your records. But, I would say put your emphasis on interviews, which are taken from the most perishable resource.

    Oh, BT-dub if you are recording, put the volume control on medium, that way you can be assured you have some sound. I have interview tapes which are difficult to hear since I did the exact opposite of what I thought I was doing.

    For every birth record you collect, for every marriage license you find, interview two people. Do this until you run out of people. Here is the twist for you, do descendant research periodically in your tree. After pushing back a generation, or so, follow their descendants, even especially those who don’t directly connect to you. Then you will find some new people to interview.

    After some time of doing research, I was a little older, I think about 8, I interviewed my Great Aunt Pearl. One question I frequently asked was “what was your grandparents’ names”. This is how I knew her grandmothers name was Emily Lemarr. Then life happened, and time to research, and interview got scarce. I wish now I had pursued an advanced degree in History, not Computer Science.

    Here is the painful part, had I interviewed her a few years earlier, then done the follow up work, which I have recently completed, I would have found the family connections that I have now, and I could have interviewed the granddaughter of Olive Case Evans, Mae Dunn Coe. You see, she died in 1975. Admittedly, as stated in the timeline above, I was only 5, and very new to research. She was the informant on all the death certificates for her sisters and their husbands. She knew everything, even where her brothers-in-law were born and the names of their parents. Perhaps she had Joshua and Catharine Case’s family Bible. Perhaps she had all the family Bibles. I am sure you are thinking, contact her descendants and interview them. I may be completely wrong here, but I believe this line died out. You heard it, died out. Mae’s only daughter, Celeste E. Coe Kascke, died in 1981. According to census records, she and her husband had no children. I found a death certificate for a premature infant daughter born to the Mae and August Kascke, in 1925 in Missouri. I suspect there are many more of these in Colorado, where they subsequently moved.

    Families are more fragile than we have been lead to believe. Interview them now.

    April 14, 2011

    And the dirt he popped up from, he bought in 1830

    Joshua Case has been my idée fixe for some time now. He appears to have “popped up out of the dirt” in Illinois in 1830. Here’s the recap of the findings, to date.
    The DNA
    Thanks to a generous male who descends from Jackson Case, we know that the Case family who lived in Illinois, Iowa, Missouri and Arkansas belong to the same DNA group as descendants of one of the Case brothers who settled in New England in the early 1600’s and are believed to be sons of William Solomon Case of Aylesham, England. Don’t get excited, they did not arrive on the Mayflower. Some accounts have them arriving on the Dorsett. Three are fairly well known and studied, Thomas, John, and William. Thomas had no children, so he is eliminated as an ancestor. There are two other Case names in the area at the time, Richard and Henry, who may also have been brothers to these three. There is no paper or archival source of which I am acquainted which conclusively links Henry and Richard to Thomas, John and William. However, there is a descendant of a Henry Case (1637-1664) on the Case DNA list, whose DNA matches other descendants of William Solomon Case.
    So, does this leave me in the same place as when I started? Not exactly. Though it seems with this family I find more about the families associated with them than about them, I am inching ahead, learning a tiny bit about them and more about the history around them. Inchworm, inchworm, you and your arithmetic will probably go far.
    The Will and Probate
    Joshua Case created a will before he died in September, 1833. In it, he named his wife, Catharine, and his children, Charlotte, Olive, Independence, and Andrew Jackson. From his will, we learned that he owned land and the specific tract was the W½SE¼ of Section 2, T4S, R8W. The will was witnessed by Luther Simmons and John Crozier, who were brothers-in-law of each other and of the Probate Judge, Samuel G. Thompson. Those three were connected through the Crozier family, Samuel married Mary Ann Crozier, brother of John and sister of Nancy, who married Luther Simmons.
    Probate for Joshua lasted at least eleven years, the last entry on the film was in 1844. Joseph Orr was appointed guardian for Olive, Independence, and Andrew Jackson. Charlotte Case chose John C. Crozier. None of the records in the Probate book provide direct or stated information for Catharine’s maiden name. Just tantalizing possibilities, was she related to the Crozier, Simmons or Thompson families?
    The Land
    The land, the W½ of the SE quarter of Section 2 in Township 4S of Range 8W, of Principal Meridian 3, encompassed 80 acres. According to the bureau of land management, government land office site, this land was originally patented to the legal heirs of William Peach, deceased, in 1825. The Deed Record, Book O, page 368 for of Randolph County, Illinois, lists these heirs as William Peach and his wife Priscilla, Levi Simmons and his wife Lois, William Simmons and his wife Mary, and Charles Darrow and his wife Sally. Joshua Case paid $120 for the land.
    The Conclusions
    Not a lot of “move ahead” information was found for the Cases. Though thin, the information learned here was valuable. Though some say B-O-R-I-N-G, cough- my kids-cough. Joshua’s name was previously thought to be Jonathan; the will and probate proved his name was Joshua. It also proved that his wife’s name was Catharine, not Susannah as some have speculated. Although no maiden name was discovered for Catharine, directions for search are strongly suggested by the recurring associations with the Simmons, Peach, Crozier, Lindsey, Brown and Thompson families. Andrew Jackson’s first name, “Andrew”, was finally and officially confirmed as such. Until this, his name was always stated as only Jackson on every official record I had examined.
    So, does this mean mean that I am in exactly the same place as when I started? Not exactly, though, with this family I often find out more about the families around them and history of where they lived than about them. But I am inching ahead. Inch worm, inch worm, you and your arithmetic you’ll probably go far.

    March 7, 2011

    Genealogy, n. An account of one’s descent from a man who did not particularly care to trace his own.

    I have ancestors who popped up out of the dirt.

    They came from nowhere, or Ohio, they had no parents, and they died leaving only the land and their best feather bed to their children, whose names were already known. That is, of course, if they left a will. Provided they didn’t burn the place down when they left, well, at least the courthouse. There are no others around them of their surname and they weren’t kind enough to provide the maiden name of their wife in said will. Neither did they provide the relationship they had to their witnesses to said will.

    And this is why I love this stuff!

    For example, Joshua Case, left a will in Randolph County, Illinois. Bt-dubs, I’m still having a tough time remembering his name’s not Jonathan as he has been Jonathon for almost ten years. He allowed his wife and children the use of his farm as long as his wife Catharine remained his widow. He willed the land to his only son Jackson. Who knew? He had land! The will was witnessed by John C. Crozier and Luther Simmons. These two were brothers-in-law. Nancy Crozier, sister of John C. Crozier, married Luther Simmons. Almost ten years later, Luther Simmons and Samuel G. Thompson witnessed the will of John C. Crozier, again, brothers-in-law as Samuel G. Thompson married Mary Ann Crozier. Joshua’s will did not appoint a guardian for his children, the court appointed Joseph Orr, however, Charlotte, being over fourteen, chose John C. Crozier.

    Was Catharine a Crozier? If she were, then she would have most likely have been a sister to John, Mary Ann and Nancy. Were she their sister, then it stands to reason that Samuel Crozier, their father, would have mentioned her in his will. He did not. Still, she could have been a sister left out because he had already covered her in another way. Possible, but not too likely.

    The possibility that she was a Simmons or a Thompson or an Orr remains to be investigated.

    February 13, 2011

    No, my first name ain’t Jonathan, it’s Joshua, Mr. Caise if you are hasty

    Yes, the films arrived, yes one of them was of H-U-G-E value. Before I spill on the information in the film, let’s lay out the background information, in order to understand the significance of what was found.

    In genealogy, there is something known as intergenerational proof. This is proof that a given person was the parent of another. It seems so obvious to us all now, I know who my mother and father are, and I can prove it with my birth certificate. But what if that record was destroyed or never existed in the first place? How would I prove that I was their daughter? Intergenerational proof can be easy to find, such as when a will names all the children; it is especially handy if the parent bequeaths to women who are already married and is specific, e.g., “I, Joseph Tallchief, give my best feather bed to my daughter Agatha Andreyovich Tallchief, now the wife of John Anderson”. Because that happens all the time! Yeah, dream on. It is rare when a will is found and it so specific that it names everyone in the decedent’s family and their relationship to the deceased!

    Hence intergenerational proof is often built in pieces. Frequently records are found which strongly suggest, but never quite say things flat out. Enough of them can provide evidence that certain people had a relationship which strongly suggests that they were parent and child.
    Sometimes, a genealogist is lucky enough to find a “record” of a fact which is very unofficial. For example, the intergenerational proof of Jane Mangum’s connection to John Mangum, the Patriot, was not found in a will, or any other “official” and “recorded” document but in a hand written statement by her nephew, wherein he says that his Aunt Jenny married George Crawford. No official document states this relationship. Itawamba County Marriage Book One has a listing for the marriage of a Jane Mangum to George Crawford in Itawamba county, Mississippi in 1841. The only Mangum family enumerated in the county in 1840 was that of John Mangum. This John Mangum was known to have a daughter named Jane, but somebody had named her as the wife of Jedediah Brown, which was in error. This error had to be toppled before Jane Mangum Crawford could be asserted as his daughter. It looked as though it wouldn’t happen until a hand written document of the family history written by Samuel Newton Adair was found. It states:

    “I, Samuel Newton Adair, will write what I know about my mother’s folks. My grandfather’s name was John Mangum … Jeney Mangrum married George Crawford, Gemima Mangrum married Samuel Jefferson Adair, my father. Rebecca Mangrum married Joseph Adair, my father’s cousin.”

    Obviously, this was not recorded anywhere and must not have been known to the author of “Jedediah Brown” information. Of course now it is known and all those Jedediah Brown proponents have to stop asserting that. They really do have to stop.

    Now, are you ready for what was in the Probate file? Well, if you are ready and have not quit reading this altogether, here goes. Well almost, a little more background is needed.

    Until the Probate record was examined, we had circumstantial evidence that a man enumerated as Jonathan Case in the Federal Census of 1830 in Randolph County, Illinois was the father of Charlotte Case, Olive Case, Independence Case and Jackson Case and the husband of Catharine (unknown maiden name) who subsequently married W. Callaway McGregor. As an aside, since we are a family of golfers, some of whom are PGA Golf Professionals, that name gives us a chuckle. What are the odds? Notice how I hedged on how he, Mr. Case, was enumerated? Technically, we only know that the name of the man on the census was written down as Jonathan or what appears to be Jonathan to most of us who have read it. On this same page the families nearby include John H. Crozier, in addition to the Shelton Evans family, the William Peach family and the William, Levi, Jr. and Levi, Sr. Simmons families. In this county and nearby St. Clair and Monroe counties there are other records. There is a marriage record for a Charlotte Case to Spencer Ellsworth, in St. Clair county, a marriage record for Independence Case to Beverly Lindsey, in Randolph County, a marriage record for Catharine Case to W. Callaway McGregor (fore!) in Monroe county. A Charlotte Elsworth married Allen Brown in Lee County, Iowa in 1844. A few years later, there is a census enumeration in District 19, Clark County, MO in 1850, for a Catherine McGregory [sic] born in Indiana. She is living with Charlott [sic] Brown, also born in Indiana, and Charlott’s presumed daughter, Catharine, born in Iowa in 1846. Jackson Case, born about 1830 in Illinois, is in the same household. A few pages over in the same census is a listing for Olive Evans, and family and Independence Lamare and family. There is a marriage record, 9 May 1851, for Olive Case to Washington Evans recorded in Clark County, Missouri. We have no death date for the “Jonathan”, of the 1830 census, and no intergenerational proof that this Jonathan was connected to the aforementioned Cases, no birth date for Jonathan. If he was married to Catherine, perhaps they divorced and he married someone else. There is another Case in St. Clair county, who had a brother named Jonathan, was it he who was enumerated rather than the father of Charlotte, Olive, Independence and Jackson? Can the Probate record help answer these questions?

    For most non-genealogists, the record is pretty boring, on 16 October 1833, John H. Crozier (remember him from the census?) presents the will of Joshua Caise. The will was not entered into the record on the same page as this entry from 16 October 1833 and has not yet been located in the Probate Court proceedings.

    One year later, on the 6th day of October 1834, John C. Crozier renders the account of Joshua Caise, and is ordered to pay the widows share of one third of the estate to Catherine Caise.

    It is therefore ordered by the court that the said John C. Crozier pay out to Catherine Caise the sum of sixty-one dollars & sixty three cents this being the share and portion belonging to the said Catherine of the estate of her deceased husband being the one third part of the nett [sic] proceeds thereof.
    It is also ordered that the said John C. Crozier pay over to Charlotte, Olive and Independence, children of the said Joshua Case deceased, or to their guardians, each, the sum of forty one dollars & eight cents, this being their share & proportion of the estate of their deceased father.

    We are still missing a child, Jackson, who was about three years old when his father died. One month later, guardianship of the children is set, at least for most of the children.

    Monday November 3, 1834 court met agreeable to adjournment
    “On motion of Joseph H Orr it is ordered that the said Joseph be appointed guardian of Olive Casse, Independence Casse & Andrew Jackson Casse minors under the age of fourteen years on his entering into bond with good and sufficient security as the law directs.”

    Two years later, as Charlotte is over fourteen, she may chose her guardian. In February of 1835, she did so.

    “Charlotte Casse a minor over the age of fourteen year chooses John C. Crozier as her guardian, it is therefore ordered that the said John C. Crozier be appointed the guardian of the said Charlotte Casse on his entering into bond with good & sufficient security, as the law directs.”

    Charlotte’s birth year was thought to have been 1823, if she was fourteen in 1835, her birth year was 1821 or earlier. Meaning that Catherine and Joshua were married by 1820 – 1821.

    What about this excites a genealogist? The first examination of the Probate record confirms that Charlotte, Olive, Independence and Jackson, were siblings. It is official confirmation of Jackson’s first name as Andrew. It narrows the death date of Joshua significantly to sometime before 16 October 1833. Joshua was the first name of the father of Charlotte, Olive, Independence and Andrew Jackson Case, not Jonathan, although he may have been named Joshua Jonathan Case. Joshua Case was married to Catherine, who’s surname is not yet known. Charlotte was likely born in 1821, not 1823. The Independence Case who married Beverly Lindsey was the daughter of Joshua and Catharine. What else is interesting? John C. Crozier was enumerated on the same page as Jonathan Case in 1830, which, in addition to the matching family age pattern of Charlotte, Olive, Independence and Jackson, is more indication that this Jonathan is the same person as Joshua and may point to a closer relationship with John C. Crozier or his wife, Mary “Polly” Lindsay, than neighbor. There may exist a relationship to the Joseph H. Orr, which is deeper than some nice reputable guy who was appointed guardian of his children. Don’t confuse custody and care with guardianship, the latter indicated some money management aspect and may have been separate from custody. Lastly, the James Case living next door to Olive Case Evans and Independence Case Lindsey Lemarr in the 1850 Clark County, Missouri Census was not a previously undiscovered son of Joshua Case of Randolph County, Illinois. James Case’s age was 25 in 1850, which may have placed him in the under 5 category in the 1830 census, Jackson may have been not yet born, or as sometimes happened, an infant who was not enumerated.

    Oh, and my apologies for ripping off a Janet Jackson song title.

    January 22, 2011

    Don’t overlook the obvious

    Perhaps the LDS didn’t have the film the last time I checked, but I doubt it. Perhaps I was focused on another branch last time I placed a film order, slightly more likely. Or perhaps I didn’t read carefully when viewing what was available in Randolph County, Illinois, regarding probate and guardianship in the 1830 – 1834 time period, which is the most likely. Perhaps I ordered the film and then had a very busy period at work, etc., so that the film ended up being sent back before I could look at it, also highly likely. But for whatever reason, I didn’t order or examine the films for this era and, guess what, turns out they exist and might be of H-U-G-E value.
    In fact, I had begun to wonder if the father hadn’t died, that perhaps there had been a divorce. But I thought I’d look one last time for any possible probate records for the county and the time period. I went googling, it helps although it is no substitute for the archives, and came upon a page, by a woman named Velda Moore, of some Randolph County records. I can’t really tell you exactly what led me to her page, I am fairly certain I was searching for obituaries in old newspapers thinking that I had searched probate/guardianship records before with no success. I can’t even replicate the search, now.

    Under the Probate Record 1832 – 1843 tab, the following names were found.
    PROBATE RECORD 1832-1843 Page 3

    Casie Joshua 173,176,211,256
    Casse Olive 173,187,214
    Casse Andrew J. 174
    Casse Independence 174
    Casse Charlotte 176,187,213

    I included Joshua Casie since he appears on the same page as at least one of the group and deserves investigation.

    Under the tab marked Book B-2, April 2, 1833 to Nov 6, 1849 the following names were located.
    Book B-2 LETTERS OF GUARDIANSHIP RECORDED IN THIS BOOK April 2, 1833 to Nov. 6, 1849.

    Casse Olive 21
    Casse Independence 21
    Casse Jackson 21
    Casse Charlotte 23

    Immediately, I checked the LDS site for Randolph County, Illinois, and there are film records available for order for the time period.
    Oh yeah, ordering those!
    Next time, when I am certain that Sherman marched sideways on his way to the Sea and did his scorched earth thaing in a county previously unknown to be touched by him, small joke, very small, I’ll look again, and again.

    BTDubs- most courthouse fires in the South were a result of something other than Sherman’s march.

    August 26, 2010

    Sometimes, it pays to think

    I mean really, sometimes even I can do some wholesale ignoring of the facts. Take, for example, Charlotte Case, the sister of my great-great-great-grandmother Independence Case. While searching the Illinois Archives for information on Independence Case’s first marriage to Beverly Lindsey, I found the marriage of a Charlotte Case to Spencer Ellsworth in St. Clair County, 01 January 1834. Since I subsequently found Spencer Ellsworth alive in the 1850 Census, in Illinois and, in the 1850 census for Clark County, Missouri, Charlotte Case Brown, and since Charlotte’s age in 1850 suggests an 1823 birthdate, making her 11 in 1834, I presumed that this was a different Charlotte Case. I found Independence Case’s marriage record online, duly noted the date in my database, added the source, then failed to order the film to view the actual information. It just kept falling to the bottom of the priority file.
    After some time of searching for proof of the parentage of Independence, Charlotte, Olive and Jackson Case and, in so doing, to verify the spouse of Catherine [unknown] Case McGregor, their presumed mother, I realized that attempting to push back without branching out first was not going to get me where I wanted to go. That is, to know if Jonathan Case, was indeed the father of these four, find out who his father was and determine Catherine’s maiden name, I was going to have to flesh out these people just a bit more.
    To start, I ordered the film of the marriage record of Independence Case. One reason I had not ordered the record from Illinois, IRAD, was that it was somewhat less than clear how to order the record, mostly due to my impatience with determining whom to write and how much it would cost me. (Just give me a link to an image, I’ll pay for it, duh!) Therefore, I thought I’d better start with the FHL film. When I examined the film record, an unexpected fact was learned, Spencer Ellsworth gave permission for Independence to marry Beverly Lindsey. Now, I had presumed that this family was much like so many of my family, that, if someone remarried, they had been widowed, not divorced. Okay, stop clicking your tongues, turns out families have patterns, sometimes only for a generation, sometimes for a long time. These people apparently had more of a “divorcing” pattern than I had assumed. It was becoming clear that Charlotte had married then divorced Spencer.
    So, all those searches I had done for a Charlotte Case marrying unknown Brown were pretty much wasted key boarding. Try searching for Ellsworth. Le Voila!
    There you go, Allen, his name was Allen. Woohoo! In Lee County, where I had recently tracked Sarah Ann Walker Case, not to be confused with her sister Mary Jane Walker, and Sarah Sargent Rich Case Wyatt, two spouses of Jackson Case, did I mention that divorce pattern thing? Now I know just a tiny bit more about at least a couple of folks.
    And, yeah, I am going to have to get a copy of that record sooner rather than later!

    May 9, 2010

    I know a little bit, about a lot of folks

    When faced with a brick wall, one of the fastest ways over it is to search for more information about the people around them in, for example, Census and Land Records. I have a few ancestors who appear to have popped up out of the ground in one state, claiming to have been born in OhioKentuckyNewYorkSouthCarolinaIndiana, with no other families around them of that surname.
    Currently, my “problem ancestor” is Jonathan Case, at least I believe his name to be Jonathan. Really, my problem ancestor is Independence Case and her connection to the Case’s of Connecticut, in fact to any Cases whatsoever. From DNA results, male descendants of Jackson Case share a common Y-DNA gene pattern with the descendants of John Case and Sarah Spencer of Simsbury, CT. How Independence and her Cases are connect is a matter for paper work.
    As with any dilemma, we move from the known to the unknown. So just what is known about Independence Case? What is known is that Independence Case lived in Illinois, Missouri and Arkansas and died in Arkansas; that she married 1) Beverly Lindsey and 2) John LeMarr. From John Lemarr’s pension application, she and John Lemarr named a daughter Catherine and Olive Charlotte, which was rendered Olef C. on many censuses. In Arkansas, she lived near a Jackson Case, who has been determined to be her brother. Jackson and John were part of “Arkansas’s damned Yankee’s”. That is, they were Union soldiers; they served in the same company. Jackson applied for an “invalid” pension, having been injured or sickened as a result of his service, and in this pension application, he named her as his sister. He named John LeMarr as his brother-in-law and a witness to his service in the Union Army. I am indebted to the researchers who shared this information with me. In John LeMarr’s pension application, he stated that he and Independence were married in Clark County, Missouri and that she was a widow, with a last name of Lindsey.
    Independence married Beverly Lindsey on April 11, 1840, in the remarks for her marriage record is the name Spencer Ellsworth. On January 1, 1838, Charlotte Case married Spencer Ellsworth in St. Clair County, Illinois. Spencer was likely giving consent to marry to his wife’s sister.
    In the 1850 census, Independence and John LeMarr, rendered as John Q Lamare, are living next door to Olive Evans and Wash Evans, next door to the Evans family, is the James and Melcina Case. James was born in Kentucky in 1827. Is James related in some way? Was he possibly the male under five in the census in 1830 for Jonathan Case in Randolph County, IL? Or did they simply assume him to be related due to their name?
    Census records place her birth in 1825 in either Arkansas or New York; most likely it is Arkansas Territory as she was born in 1825. We can see from birth patterns of those found to be her brothers and sisters, New York would be quite a bit out of the way for her family. Her brother, Jackson, born after her, was born in 1830 in Randolph County, Illinois. Since we now have Jackson Case as a brother, with a birthplace in Illinois, we can search in the earliest census with individual names, 1850, for a Jackson Case with a birthplace of Illinois. The 1850 census finds Jackson living in the household of Charlotte Brown with Charlotte’s daughter, Catharine, born in 1846 in Iowa, and Catharine McGregory [sic], born in Indiana in 1792, in Clark County, Missouri. Also in Clark county records, is a marriage of Jackson Case to Mary Ann Walker on 13 Jan 1848. A Sarah A. Walker is enumerated in Lee County, Iowa. There is an Anne V. Case, 1 year old, in the household as well. There is a Mary S. Walker in the household, but I believe that the Recorder, or the J.P. simply misstated the first name on the marriage record.
    Moving backward twenty years, in a search of the 1830 Census in Illinois, Randolph County, there is a Jonathan Case with one male under 5, one male 30-40, one female under 5, two females 5-10 and one female 20-30. This is a consistent pattern with the ages of Olive, Charlotte, Independence and Jackson. Consider the possibility that Jackson was not yet born at the time of enumeration and this is an additional male child. There is no Case family in Randolph County in 1840 and no Jonathan Case in surrounding counties in 1840
    Moving to 1840, there is no Case family in Randolph County, Illinois. A search of marriage records in the Illinois State Archives site finds a marriage of a Catherine Case to W. Calaway McGregor in 1834. This places Catharine in Illinois, in a neighboring county to Randolph County soon after Jackson’s birth. Could she be Jonathan’s widow? There is a W.C. McGregor Family, with 1 male 5-10, 1 male 15-20, 1 male 30-40, 1 female 10-15 and 1 female 30-40. This aligns with Catherine and either Olive or Independence in the household, Jackson and W.C. and one extra male, either a son of McGregor from a previous marriage or perhaps a brother or field hand.
    Why were so many children born in these families in Iowa? Did they live there before moving to Clark County, Missouri? Was there some sort of boundary issue? If they were residents o Lee County, are there other Case families in the area with whom they may have settled? Although it is possible that they may have lived there and there are Case families in the county, at this time, I can’t find a connection to the county. There was a boundary issue between Clark County, MO and Van Buren and Lee Counties, IA. The sheriff of Clark County was arrested while within the disputed area by the sheriff of the other. There is no definitive evidence for either case at this time. However, if they resided in Clark County, MO all this time, then the children were probably not born in Iowa due to a glitch in the drawing of the boundary as the disputed land belonged to Iowa and was erroneously drawn within Missouri’s borders. This means part of Iowa was deemed to be in Missouri, not the other way around. This fact seems to indicate that they were actually in Iowa and thence living with some yet unknown family connection at the time that the children were born, moving across the river by 1850.
    Moving forward in time to 1860, a Catharine Case is found in 1860 in the household of Sarah Case, 24 born in New Hampshire, Perry Case born in Iowa in 1852, and Ellen Case, born in Missouri in 1859. They are listed two pages away from the Daniel Morgan family with wife Charlotte, daughters Mary, born in Ohio, in 1845, Catherine born in 1846 in Iowa and sons Noah 3 and Jackson 1, both born in Missouri. A mystery has surrounded Sarah, what was her maiden name, was she the same Sarah whom Jackson married in 1848? If so, where was Anne Victoria, who later marries Green N. Vermilion, in 1865 in Clark County?
    To connect Jackson to Sarah, solve her maiden name mystery and possibly shed some light on a family connection for Jackson, and his sisters, we need to compare Schuyler County land records vis a vis marriage records and later census records. On 16 Feb 1862, Sarah Case marries Samuel Wyott [sic] in Schuyler County, Missouri. Samuel Wyatt was a neighbor to Jackson Case and John Q. Lemarr. Sarah A. Case (Mrs) married Joseph C. Estes in Lee County, IA in 1852, and is found in the 1860 census in Keokuk, Lee County, Iowa in the Joseph Estes household with daughter Ann V., age 11 in the household, along with daughter Mary Jane, 13. This still yields no maiden name for Sara A. Case Wyatt until we dig a bit deeper. In the 1880 census, Sarah Wyatt is living in the household of Francis Marion Jones and listed as his mother-in-law. His wife is Marium, 34, born in, you guessed it, Iowa. Yet another, “who is that” mystery!
    Searching marriage records for Francis Marion Jones in Schuyler County, Missouri, finds a record for Francis and Marium Rich, 16 Mar 1862, one month later and on the next page over from Sarah’s marriage to Samuel Wyatt. One more marriage and census record to find. Searching for Sarah Rich in Census records finds Sarah Rich in the household of Alundin Rich with presumed daughters Miriam 4, and Ann 2 and son Nicolas 8 mos. Marriage record search finds a marriage of Sanders Rich and Sary A. Sargent, 7 Nov 1845 in Clark County, MO.
    Moral to the story is, look at the people around your ancestor for clues to who may be related. Dig deeper than census, check military, land and marriage records for clues to relationships. Although I haven’t found the father of Independence and Jackson and their sisters, yet, I am closer to filling in the details of their lives.